The network is built on 4 major components: the end node, gateway, network server, and application server.
End nodes transmit data to nearby gateways, which further transmit it to the network server.
Network server selects gateway with best reception and forwards data to appropriate application server.
End user processes sensor data at the application server. Application server may send a response to the end node.
LoRa Gateways form the bridge between devices and The Things Network.
LoRa is the basis of the Internet of Things, which refers to a network of physical devices connected to the internet and can communicate with each other. Smart Homes, Logistics and Some examples of LoRa technology usage are:
Health and Hygiene
Temperature and Humidity monitoring, Smart wearable devices, Patient trackers
Monitoring of Water, Electricity, Fuel, Waste level
LoRa covers the lower physical layer of the technology. LoRaWAN, meanwhile, defines the upper network layers. It is a communication protocol that defines the network architecture and regulates battery lifetime as well as network capacity